Accretion, winds and jets

high-energy emission from young stellar objects


This thesis deals with the high-energy emission from young stellar objects, which are on the one hand still actively accreting from their disk, and on the other hand are no longer deeply obscured by their natal cloud. Stars of spectral type B and A are called Herbig Ae/Be (HAeBe) stars in this stage, all stars of later spectral type are termed classical T Tauri stars (CTTS); strictly speaking both types are defined by spectroscopic signatures, which are equivalent to the evolutionary stage described above. In this thesis CTTS and HAeBes are studied through high-resolution X-ray and UV spectroscopy and through detailed physical simulations. Spectroscopic X-ray data is reduced and presented for two targets: The CTTS V4046 Sgr was observed with Chandra for 100 ks, using a high-resolution grating spectrometer. The lightcurve contains one flare and the He-like triplets of Si XIII, Ne IX and O VII indicate high densities in the X-ray emitting regions. The second target is the HAeBe HD 163296, which was observed with XMM-Newton for 130 ks. The lightcurve shows only moderate variability, the elemental abundance follows a pattern, that is usual for active stars. The He-like triplet of O VII exhibits line ratios similar to coronal sources, indicating that neither a high density nor a strong UV-field is present in the region of the X-ray emission ...
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