High field strength element systematics and Lu-Hf & Sm-Nd garnet geochronology of orogenic eclogites


Concerning the Bulk Silicate Earth (BSE), the depleted mantle and the continental crust are thought to balance the budget of refractory and lithophile elements, resulting in complementary trace element patterns. However, the two high field strength elements (HFSE) Niob and Tantal appear to contradict this mass balance. All reservoirs of the silicate Earth exhibit subchondritic Nb/Ta ratios, possibly as a result of Nb depletion. The two HFSE Zr and Hf on the other hand seem not to be fractionated between the silicate reservoirs. They show more or less chondritic Zr/Hf ratios. In this study a series of orogenic eclogites from different localities was analyzed to determine their HFSE concentrations and to contribute to the question if eclogites could form a hidden reservoir to account for the mass imbalance of the BSE...
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