Radiative transfer in the exosphere of Saturn's moon Titan


This work focuses on the distribution of atomic hydrogen in the exosphere of Saturns̉ moon Titan. This work is based on measurements performed by the Hydrogen Deuterium Absorption Cell (HDAC) aboard the Cassini spacecraft, that should directly determine the D/H ratio from the UV emission of atomic hydrogen and deuterium at 121.567 and 121.533 nm, respectively. HDAC measurements were performed on December 26, 2005 during the ninth Titan flyby of the Cassini orbiter. Unfortunately the amount of deuterium in the absorption cell could not be determined. Thus, the purpose, HDAC was designed for could not be achieved. For this reason, HDAC has performed measurements only once. However, the amount of atomic hydrogen in the absorption cell is well known, hence the data using only the hydrogen cell can be used in order to investigate Titans̉ exosphere. This work aims at simulating the HDAC measurements performed in order to investigate Titan’s exosphere, e.g. to determine the distribution of atomic hydrogen. A model of Titan’s exosphere including atomic hydrogen and methane has been developed and the transfer of solar radiation is calculated in order to simulate the HDAC measurements. The radiative transfer is solved using the Monte Carlo method. For the exospheric model, two different atomic hydrogen density distributions were applied, which determine the distribution in the exosphere by different approaches. Density profiles calculated by both models mainly differ in the lower exosphere ...
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