Folding and boudinage under constriction and plane strain

results from analogue modelling

Kategorien: Geomechanik

Zusammenfassung

One possible approach to study systematically the influence of the deformation regime on the geometry of geological structures like folds and boudins is analogue modelling. For a complete understanding of the resulting structures, consideration of the third dimension is required. This PhD study deals with scaled analogue modelling under constriction and plane-strain conditions to improve our knowledge of folding and boudinage of lower crustal rocks in space and time. Plasticine is an appropriate analogue material for rocks in the lower crust. Therefore, this material was used for the experiments. The macroscopic behaviour of most types of plasticine is quite similar to rocks undergoing strain-rate softening and strain hardening regardless of the different microscopic aspects of deformation. Therefore, if one is aware that the stress exponent and viscosity increase with increasing strain, the original plasticine types used with stress exponents ranging from 5.8 to 8.0 are adequate for modelling geologic structures. The same holds for plasticine/oil mixtures. Thus, plasticine and plasticine/oil mixtures can be used to model the viscous flow of different rock types in the lower crust. If climb-accommodated dislocation creep and associated steady-state flow is assumed for the natural rocks, the plasticine/oil mixtures should be used, which flow under steady-state conditions...
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